Preterm Childbirth Speech

1471 WordsNov 12, 20126 Pages
Speech Title: Preterm Childbirth Specific Purpose Statement: My audience will learn about preterm birth as well as the causes of it and ways to prevent it. Central Idea: Preterm childbirth is the leading cause of death in infants, and it is important that we know that there are ways to prevent preterm birth and care for babies who are born prematurely. Method of Organization: Topical Introduction: I. In a time where everything is seemingly at our fingertips, it can be difficult for us to adjust to things that are out of our control. Sometimes we don’t always get what we expect. We may have the perfect plan for what we are doing in life, and then something out of our control changes and our entire plan is forced to change with it. Can…show more content…
A. One of the common causes of preterm birth is excessive stretching of the uterus due to multiple pregnancies. 1. This is when the pregnancy is with twins or triplets. B. Another common cause of preterm birth is short term gaps between births. C. Another common cause of preterm birth is diseases. 1. Chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure are examples of genetic factors. 2. Infectious diseases such as HIV are also possible factors. D. Another common cause of preterm birth is poor psychological health. 1. In most cases where this is the cause, it is a direct result of substance abuse, such as heavy alcohol use, tobacco use, and other drugs. (March of Dimes) E. Another common cause of preterm birth is adolescent pregnancy. F. Another common cause of preterm birth is unhealthy pre-pregnancy weight. 1. When the woman is either underweight or obese prior to the pregnancy. II. A lot of preterm births happen spontaneously, and it is not uncommon for there to be no direct cause identified. (March of Dimes) A. Knowing the causes of preterm birth is helpful in assisting scientists with discovering steps for prevention of preterm birth. 1. Over 1 million children die each year due to complications of preterm birth. 2. Many survivors face a lifetime of disability, including learning disabilities and visual and hearing problems. B. Because of all of the problems that accompany preterm birth, it is important that we know
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