Prevalence Of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Between Europe And North America

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GH 456 Final Project Outline Gwendolyn Tjandra Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder between Europe and North America I. Introduction ( page) a. What is ADHD i. A disorder commonly diagnosed in children. ii. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – a condition with symptoms such as inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity (affects the way you focus). iii. A behavioral disorder that affects 1 in 20 children in the USA. iv. Those with ADHD differ in balance of “neurotransmitters”, a chemical found in the brain, and also in the size and operation of “prefrontal cortex”, a component in the brain. b. Goal of paper i. Review current definitions and research on ADHD. ii. How culture relates to the prevalence of…show more content…
Different types of research iii. Parents not bringing their children to seek help iv. Why is it important to find an explanation for the inconsistencies in the cross-national prevalence of ADHD? • Assertions that ADHD is a fraud - “profit-dependent pharmaceutical industry and a high-status profession looking for new roles” • People are wondering whether ADHD is just an “excuse” and having more people casually say “I think I have ADHD” whenever they feel “hyper” III. Affected population a. How common in ADHD i. Affects 1 in 20 children in the USA. ii. Worldwide prevalence of 5.2% (by a Brazilian research team, derived from 102 studies compromising 171,156 children). b. How culture is related i. Is ADHD affected based on the way they are raised? • Behavior management styles at home and school. • School teachings and environment. • The way parents raise their children may have an impact. • A study showed that Parents with ADHD children: 1. Used more negative-reactive and fewer positive parenting strategies. 2. Difference in maternal psychological functioning. 3. Fathers of ADHD children reported more psychological disturbance. 4. Parenting self-esteem was low. • Socioeconomic background – children from low income, single parent families, families where both parents work, show a higher rate of ADHD. ii. How it is different in Europe vs. North America • In Europe, o They highly value education. o The education system is stricter and more disciplined (i.e.

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