Prevalence Of Hiv / Aids

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Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Ohio
It was already stated that the HIV/AIDS epidemic impacts persons regardless of sex, age, race/ethnic group and/or geographic region in Ohio, but certain populations seem to be more impacted than others. There are 11, 544,225 people living in Ohio. 80% are white, 12% are black, 3% are Hispanic, and less than 2% are Asian. Each year in Ohio, about 1,000 people are diagnosed with HIV. In 2013, 1,180 people were diagnosed. Overall, there are almost 20,000 known to be living with HIV/AIDS in Ohio. (Britton, 2014) Of these races, the rate of black males living with an HIV diagnosis is 5.7 times that of white males and the rate of black females living with an HIV diagnosis is 12.6 times that of white females.
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In males, the largest transmission mode of HIV is through male to male sexual contact at 78% and heterosexual contact at just under 9%. For females, 80% of HIV transmission is through heterosexual contact. Injecting drug use is the second leading cause at 6% for males, and 17% for females.
Another mode of transmission is perinatal transmission. Perinatal HIV transmissions represent HV transmission from mother-to-child during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding. Perinatal transmission accounts for 91 percent of all AIDS cases among children under the age of 13 in the U.S. and 100 percent of all reported AIDS cases among children under the age of 13 in Ohio. (Ohio Department of Health, 2012)
Addressing the Problem
Individual Intervention Prevention strategies are among the top interventions on the micro level. Today, more tools are available to prevent the spread of HIV than when the epidemic flourished in the 1980’s. One of the top individual interventions used in Ohio is The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program. This program provides treatment and support services to low‐ income people living with HIV/AIDS free of charge for those who have no other source of health insurance, one of the biggest barriers to accessing treatment and care. Supportive services, such as transportation, housing, food assistance, nutrition services, peer support, legal
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