Preventing Cervical Cancer through HPV Vaccinations Essay examples

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Cervical Cancer is the second most common cancer for women yet it is the most common cancer of the reproductive system. According to the CDC in 2010 11,818 women in the United States were diagnosed with cervical cancer and 3,939 women in the United States died from cervical cancer. The most common type is squamous cell carcinoma. Human papilloma virus, otherwise known as HPV, is known to cause cervical abnormalities and has been linked to cervical cancer. Some signs and symptoms of cervical cancer are abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge and pelvic pain and pressure. Cervical cancer is preventable with regular screening tests. One test is a Pap test sometimes also called a Pap smear. This test looks for precancerous cells that…show more content…
If cervical cancer is found treatment will be dependent on the type of cervical cancer and the stage of the cancer. There is a surgical treatment which is where the cancerous tissue is removed, such as by a hysterectomy, Chemotherapy to slow down or stop the growth of cancer cells. Lastly, there is radiation treatment to kill the cells and control the spreading of the cancer. These options can be used independently or altogether. There are constantly new treatments becoming available and sometimes a patient can be able to become part of this new treatment through clinical trials. The second test which can be done concurrently with the Pap test is the HPV test. There are upwards of forty types of HPV. Along with the genital areas HPV can infect the mouth and throat. HPV can cause genital warts and cancer. It can sometimes go away by itself and people who have it can be asymptomatic. HPV can be passes through genital contact, vaginal sex, anal sex and even oral sex. This can be passed both heterosexually and homosexually. Rarely, pregnant women can pass HPV on to her baby during delivery. According to the CDC 79 million Americans now have HPV and 14 million new cases are found each year. It has become so common that nearly all sexually active people will have at least one type of HPV in a lifetime. 10,300 women per year are diagnosed as having cervical cancer. HPV can be prevented by condom use and having safe monogamous sex
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