Preventing Child Poverty

Decent Essays
Children born into poverty face their formative years at a greater disadvantage compared to their peers who are in better living situations. Yoshikawa et al. (2012) found that children living in poverty face negative consequences in regards to physical, mental, educational and academic standards. Halpern also points out (as cited in Rutter, 1987), the unfortunate living conditions of poverty stricken parents will impact parenting skills that will present a risk rather than a benefit to their children and their overall livelihood. The long term effects these challenges pose can negatively impact a child’s full potential to rise above the cycle of poverty.
Coming from an educational background and working in low socio-economic neighborhoods, I found that sometimes the needs of young children were overshadowed by the needs of the family as a whole. Schools have and continue to address the needs of all children in the school setting. However, interventions and support need to focus on the early years prior to school age where the foundations of a child’s development are formed and the least access to
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(2010). Preventing child poverty: barriers and solutions. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 39(2), 20+. Retrieved from
Halpern, Robert (1990). Poverty and early childhood parenting: Toward a framework for intervention. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol 60(1), Jan 1990, 6-18. Retrieved from
Yoshikawa, H., Aber, J. L., & Beardslee, W. R. (2012). The effects of poverty on the mental, emotional, and behavioral health of children and youth: Implications for prevention. American Psychologist, 67(4), 272-284. Retrieved from
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