Preventing Extinction and World Change

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Thirteen years ago, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Of two potential locations considered (Snowflake Springs and Butte Rock) they were placed in the low-risk prey Butte Rock for the purpose of encouraging the wolves to spread out and create packs. Before and during the reintroduction project, Oregon State University researchers measured the rate of willow growth along 2.6 miles of the Gallatin River, which ran through Butte Rock and Snowflake Springs. During their study from 1998 to 2002, the researchers discovered that Snowflake Springs, where the elk were and no wolves lived, the willow growth dropped from 92% to nothing (“How Wolves Help Willows,” 4).
What was going on? Where there were no wolves and the elk had
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Many scientists now agree that this is the case.
Wolves have been shown time and time again to possess a kind of language made up of growls, yips, howls, and body language. Humans see them as lesser creatures because we do not understand their dialect, made up more by body language than by the sounds that they make (though sounds do play a big part). Could there be even more to these non-human animals than we already know? Do wolves have a religion? Do caribou think human hunters are some kind of angel of death? More research must be done into the secret lives of animals before these questions can be answered – but first we must find a way to counteract that most pressing environmental issue of the day: extinction. Lest those creatures we're only beginning to understand vanish, along with whatever language and culture they may possess beyond our understanding.
The language and culture of animals is not the only thing threatened by extinction. While our own human race is obviously in no danger of dying out, important aspects of our culture and even our languages are dying out. Can a language actually become extinct? The moment that no one can speak the language, and all that is left of it is text (if that), a language is considered to be extinct. There is a major difference between an extinct language and a dead language (a language no longer spoken as a main language). There are still people who speak Latin, though it is
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