Prevention And Prevention Of Vaccination

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The Australian Government reserves the right to cease family benefit payments to parents who do not vaccinate their children. Some parents refuse to vaccinate their children. Is that the right thing to do? Or are parent’s neglecting the welfare of their children, and possibly, the general population? Before answering this question and analysing the different views on vaccination, it is important to understand exactly what vaccination is and how it works in the body. Vaccination is a form of artificial immunity that works with and jumpstarts the body’s own immune system to protect the body from various pathogenic organisms. An article by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2013) states that to understand vaccines, it is best to…show more content…
Vaccines work by stimulating the immune system to produce antibodies without actually causing an infection, according to the UK’s National Health Services (2014) website. If the vaccinated person then comes into contact with the disease, their immune system will recognise the virus’s antigen and send T-lymphocytes to destroy it before it can replicate significantly and cause infection (NHS, 2014). There are many types of vaccines, as the College of Physicians of Philadelphia discusses on its History of Vaccines (2014) website. There are several different types of vaccines including: live but not attenuated (MMR-measles, mumps and rubella vaccine), inactivated or killed pathogens (Polio, Hepatitis A), inactivated toxins (toxoids like tetanus or diphtheria), or subunits and conjugates like Hepatitis B and Influenza (History of Vaccines, 2014 ). Each type of vaccine has advantages and disadvantages as highlighted below. Live, attenuated vaccines can be made in several different ways. The most common method involves passing the disease-causing virus through a series (upwards of 200) of cell cultures or chicken embryos (History of Vaccines, 2014). With each passage, the virus’s replication ability in human cells is gradually weakened, until it eventually cannot replicate well, or sometimes cannot replicate at all within human cells (hence the name
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