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Prevention And Treatment Of Diabetes

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In the U.S. today, there are approximately 35.2 million school-aged children that enrolled to attend prekindergarten through 8th grade (Fast Facts, 2015). Of these 35.2 million students, about one in three children are overweight or obese (Active Education, 2015). An obese child is then at risk for a series of diseases, one of them being type 2 diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were about 5,089 new cases of type 2 diabetes in children under 10 years old in 2008-2009 annually (CDC, 2014). Additionally, approximately 19.6% is the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children under 10 years old (CDC, 2012). Although mortality among children under 10 years old has decreased by more than 78%, reported in 2009, this can be explained by the fact that management and treatment for diabetes has significantly improved with the evolvement of science (CDC, 2012). In general, the estimated costs of diabetes in the U.S. in 2012, indirectly and directly, was 245 billion dollars (CDC, 2014). The costs not only include medical costs but also premature death and disability. Although management and treatment for diabetes has improved over the years, there is a better course of treatment for the disease that will reduce costs and any type of mortality: prevention. As evidenced above, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children is alarmingly high and will continue to increase if the rate of children overweight or obese continue to increase. In order
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