Prevention And Treatment Of Malaria

3785 Words16 Pages
Executive Summary The last decade has seen an unprecedented amount of progress in malaria elimination efforts in Africa. With organizations and governments increasing contribution to provide malarial prevention and treatment, the incidence of malaria in Africa has dramatically decreased across the world with a 26% decrease since 2000 to 2010. However, there are still over 200 million cases of malaria and an estimated half a million deaths each year are caused by malaria with victims mostly children under the age of 5 and pregnant women. The goal of ending poverty by 2015 set by the United Nations aims for 8 different categories which will help achieve the goal. Each category has 8 different goals known as the Millennium Development Goals.…show more content…
Every year, malaria kills approximately 630,000 people – mostly children under the age of five. Pregnant women and children are particularly vulnerable to malaria as their immune system is weak and susceptible to attack. About 90% of all malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa, where a child dies of malaria every minute. Malaria it is caused by parasitic protozoans which target and attack blood cells to reproduce and spread. Symptoms that occur because of attacks include high fevers, headache, nausea, vomiting, and muscle and joint pains. These symptoms can be especially dangerous for pregnant women and young children who are experiencing the disease for the first time. Severe malaria can cause lifelong intellectual disabilities in children. Malaria not only is a horrible disease for humans, but it also takes a toll on the poor African economy and contributes to the cycle of poverty. Malaria stunts the economic growth of Africa through incapacitating African workers until they can no longer work. It is costing Africa an estimated US$12 billion each year due to loss of work, less produce and medical treatment etc. Malaria is still prevalent in Africa, however in the past; Malaria was widespread all across the globe with cases from every continent except Antarctica. The disease has plagued mankind for over 4000 years. Quinine was discovered in the early 17th century which was found inside the bark of a tree named Cinchona. Quinine is one of the most
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