Prevention For Disease Control And Prevention

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Over the last 10 years, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has worked to raise awareness of concussions and head injuries. In fact at least 1.7million traumatic brain injuries or TBI’s occur each year, with older adults and adolescents as the most vulnerable population ("Nursing : A Concept-based", 2015, p.696).We now know that a hit or a strike to the head can have long term effects on cognition, physical, and psychological skills. The major causes of TBI include falls, vehicle accidents, sports concussions, and violence. Early identification of a TBI is important to ensure proper treatment and prevent secondary injuries to the brain. A TBI is the result of a sudden, violent blow or jolt to the head causing the brain to bounce around the inside of the skull, resulting in bruising of the brain, tearing of nerve fibers and bleeding. serious traumatic brain injuries can result in long-term complications or death.Variables include the biomechanical forces that are exerted on the brain during an accident, their duration, the position the head was in, the speed the object was going that hit the person, the speed the person was traveling when he hit the ground and the area of the brain that sustained the injury. Damage to the brain can be either focal or diffuse. While some symptoms may appear right away others may not be present for days or weeks after the injury; causing some TBI’s to be missed initially. Traumatic brain injuries can be classified as mild,
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