* Cerebrovascular Disease: More commonly known as stroke cerebrovascular disease can be cause by either a colt or blockage that cuts off blood flow to a part of the brain or by haemorrhage. In both cases there is damage or death of the brain tissue that can cause paralysis, speech disorder, swallowing problems and immobility. People with diabetes and high blood pressure are at higher risk of stroke.
Traumatic brain injury is any damage caused to the brain. Individuals with TBI may show aphasia-like symptoms, yet the characteristics of TBI include mostly cognitive processes deficits. Those characteristics include disrupt orientation, attention, memory, visual processing, and executive functions problems. Penitents with TBI experience a blackout that can last anywhere between a few minutes up to months and usually wake up confused and disoriented. They do not have any recollection of the events that occurred. In addition to the common characteristics mentioned earlier, TBI patients exhibit communication deficits that relate to poor cognitive functioning such as problems with word finding, grammatical, spelling, reading, and writing. The cause of TBI is very straightforward, unlike SLI or ASD. Any injury to the head, for example motor vehicle accidents, falls, blast trauma, and more, can cause a TBI. These in turn can cause damage to multiple areas of the brain and impair motor, speech, language, and cognitive functions as discussed. It is important to note that unlike ASD that usually
Diagnosing Diffuse axonal injury has proven to be a Messages to nerve cells that are sent back and forth are disrupted and movement, speech, and most basic life function could be lost. The trauma is very often too much for the brain to handle as it takes over so much of the nerve cells, which is why comatose is a likely outcome. Auto accidents, sports-related injuries, explosions, and abuse--such as shaken baby syndrome--rank among the top causes of DAI. Unlike focal injuries it takes more than just blunt force to create such a widespread craniocerebral injury. Violent shaking or vibration movement, possibly along with blunt force to the brain are more likely causes of this severe axon disruption.
The relative risks of epilepsy were raised about two-fold (relative risk 2?2) after a mild head injury and seven-fold (7?4) after a severe head injury, were slightly greater in women than in men, and increased with older age at time of injury. The rate of development of epilepsy was greatest in the few years after the head injury; for instance, with a greater than five-fold increase for 2-3 years after a severe head injury, but the excess risk continued for 10 years after mild and severe brain injury-longer than in other studies (Shorvon, Nelligan 2009).
Hypothermia for Cardiac Arrest Introduction Survivors of cardiac arrest often suffer from neurological damage when oxygen to the brain is depleted. This ischemia to the brain can cause lesions or damaged areas; which can effect any part of the body that is controlled by that portion of the brain. Decreasing the body
Plus, the survivor would even be incapable of feeding himself. A brain injury also impacts a person’s ability to speak accurately. Moreover, the coma survivor will most likely face emotional damage as they will randomly burst out in aggressive moods and forget events that are only three minutes old. In addition to this, once an individual wakes up from a coma, their vision will be altered to a point where they will tend to see doubled objects and severe blurriness. On top of all this, a person will constantly feel exhausted and restless. Hence, the coma survivor will feel very weak. A person’s hearing perspective also changes, as they become sensitive to loud or high-pitched noises and can experience persistent ringing noises in ears. Furthermore, a coma survivor will encounter a drastic loss in their capacity to smell as well, some will even lose their smell completely; this is called Anosmia. As most know, smell and taste are strongly related, thus, impacting a coma survivor’s taste buds; causing them to have a bad taste in their mouth and taste food differently.
http://file.lacounty.gov/SDSInter/dhs/218115_RLOCFOriginalFamilyGuide-English.pdf 1.7.2 Neuro-Imaging Neuroimaging can be a useful tool in detecting physical abnormalities in the brain. Most people with a severe brain injury will show an abnormality in a neuro-imaging test. These scans cannot detect all types of brain injuries, so it is possible to have a severe brain injury and be
Part One: Should the Right-to-Die be considered a Right? THUMP-SWISH! THUMP-SWISH! This is the sound the ventilator makes as it sustains life. To those crowded around in a very small hospital room, the sound seems to be counting away the seconds of a life. Every second begins to feel like days for the parents, grandparents, friends, family, significant other, and those nearest and dearest. As parents lay beside their child’s body, gripping them tightly, and sobbing while they lay lifelessly in their arms; the doctor educates them on the specific coma, irreversible coma (IRC), a classification of a coma where someone is within a state of being without any form of awareness along with no form of brain activity. They are essentially brain dead. Being brain dead refers to, a period of at least 24 hours or more, in which there is no cardiopulmonary activity, and any activity is being maintained through the work of a machine. Their child’s heart is slowly tugged along by the machine; even though, you are completely brain dead. Never again will this child be able to develop any fond memories with their loved ones. The rest of their life will consist of laying in that bed, unable to do anything, not even accomplishing simple tasks; such as, thinking. Loved ones will have to watch their lifeless body slowly wither away into a waxy, skeleton figure while he or she steadily die.
be because of numerous reasons such as loss of oxygen to the brain, head injuries or
Many of the individuals who sustain brain damage go into a coma for a short period of time. A coma is a state in which a person
Proprosol We da best: Inventeam Epilepsy is defined as a serious and common neurological disorder in which neuron activity in the brain is abnormal and results in seizures. One particularly dangerous form of epilepsy, status epilepticus, is when a seizure lasts for more than five minutes. This can cause permanent neurological damage or even death. In fact, 10- 30% of people who have status epilepticus die within 30 days. Anticonvulsive IV injections can be given by paramedics in order to stop the seizures before they cause harm. However, as this is currently the only way to stop these seizures, many factors can play into a person affected with status epilepticus not surviving. For one, no one could be around to call emergency services,
Table of Contents Definition 2 General Information 3 Types Ischemic Stroke 4 Hemorrhagic Stroke 5 Stroke Warning Signs .6 Risk Factors Treatable Risk Factors 7 How a CVA is Diagnosed 8 Medical Treatment Emergency and Rehabilitation .9 Prevention and Prognosis 10 Effects of Stroke 11 Common Problems and Complications 12 Statistics 13 Cost Of Stroke to the United States 14 Final Data for 2000 14 Key Terms 15 Definition A cerebrovascular accident more commonly known as a stroke or brain attack is the term used to describe the sudden death of brain cells in a localized area due to inadequate blood flow. In order to woke the brain needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients. This supply is carried to the brain
"We have placed her in a medical induced coma since her blood pressure and blood saturation continues to decline. This is something we do so we can further study and use different medical intervention to save her life."
All patients’ post-cardiac arrest has risks associated ICU level of care such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pneumonia, debilitation, PE, depression, and so on. Post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is a unique condition that is associated with CA. It is an umbellar term for the major complications for complications that
UNCONSCIOUSNESS - FIRST AID Unconsciousness is when a person is unable to respond to people and activities. Doctors often call this a coma or being in a comatose state.