Prevention Of Hcv Infection : Prevention

1318 WordsApr 26, 20166 Pages
Prevention of HCV Infection Strategy To Prevent HCV Infection CDC 's national strategy to prevent HCV infection includes 1) prevention of transmission during high-risk activities (e.g., injection-drug use and unprotected sex with multiple partners) through risk-reduction counseling, testing, and appropriate medical management of infected persons; 2) donor screening and product inactivation procedures to eliminate transmission from blood, blood products, donor organs, and tissue; and 3) improved infection control practices to further reduce risk of transmission during medical procedures † (10). Primary prevention is directed at lowering the incidence of HCV infection. Of the estimated 25,000--40,000 persons newly infected with HCV annually during the past 5 years, approximately 60% acquired their infection through injection-drug use (45,111). Because no vaccine exists to prevent HCV infection, prevention must focus on risk reduction through counseling of persons who have admitted to or are at risk for illicit drug use or high-risk sexual practices. Counseling and testing to prevent HCV infection should be conducted in settings where persons at high risk are identified, including correctional health programs, and clinics that treat STDs, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse (10) (Box 7). The high prevalence of HCV infection and risk associated with HCV infection among inmates requires inclusion of HCV prevention activities in correctional settings. To be effective, risk
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