“Everyday the HIV/AIDS pandemic continues to kill three times as many people than died during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001” (Elbe 2006, p.119). The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) weakens the immune system by destroying the cells that fight disease and infection. In the final stages of the HIV infection, it can lead to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Not all people who are diagnosed with HIV progress to acquiring AIDS, although once you have been diagnosed with the HIV infection, you have it for life. HIV/AIDS have claimed the lives of more than 39 million people globally since the discovery (World Health Organisation 2014) with a majority of these cases being in sub-Saharan Africa.
To emphasize this hardships regarding women living in this geographic region, “women are [often] denied equal access to economic resources, housing, health care, legal protection, land, schooling, inheritance, and employment in the formal sector” (Farmer et al., 1996, p. 51). When analyzing cultures and their backgrounds, cultures may vary in what is acceptable in one culture may not be acceptable in another, depending on the culture itself. The belief system in marriages are said to be different between sub Saharan Africa and western societies. When a women marries often at a young age, her husband will take control of the relationship both physical and social, thus this patriarchal view highlights the difficulty for women living in this region to practice safe sex through the use of protection. According to the regional statistics published by UNAIDS, it was reported that in 2013, “there were 24.7 million people in sub Saharan Africa who were living with HIV/AIDS”. This statistic cannot be overlooked because of the 24.7 million people infected with this disease in this region, women actually accounted for “58% of the total number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus” (UNAIDS.org, 2014). Furthermore, of the 24.7 million individuals infected with HIV/AIDS the provision of
HIV and AIDS have had a great impacted throughout varies countries. As an illness with no none cure, it is essential to promote prevention among those at risk. Thailand’s “No Condom, NO sex: The 100% Condom program” was successful at greatly reducing the cases of new HIV infection cases (Levine, 2007, p.10). Thailand’s program has the advantage to serve as a building block to many other countries experiencing high levels of HIV/AIDS infection, but is limited due to
HIV has affected people all across the world. HIV comes with physical and mental symptoms. The body symptoms include skin flaking off, being dry, skin peeling off (Saliba 23) , fingernails falling off (32), and weight loss (14). Mentally it is hard to sleep, people become weak, and are tired all the time (23). People all across the world are infected with this disease, and the problem with this is the fact that most do not even know they have it. The most people who are infected each year are African Americans, gays, or bisexuals. 10,315 African Americans were infected in 2015. The U.S.A. has estimated about 1.1 million are infected with the disease. Equally to about 12,333 deaths happened in 2014 from AIDS related diseases, and 6,721 deaths from AIDS directly. Although there are a large amount of people getting infected, on the other hand eighteen percent of the population with HIV is declining since 2008-2014 (“U.S. Statistics”). In the world about 33.2 million people worldwide have HIV, with 22.5 million people in sub Saharan Africa are living with this condition, one out of nine people who live in South America have HIV or AIDS (Saliba 8).
“People living with HIV are thriving and can continue, because those citizens got tested early enough to keep it under control”Increasing access to voluntary HIV testing”. This article explains further that everyone should be tested, and for those who have it can keep it under control and not let it further escalate into something fatal. Mandatory HIV testing can prevent a good deal of misunderstanding and it can also help prevent spreading diseases to other people. A very worried discussion when talking about HIV is the health care workers. HIV transmission in healthcare settings is what most are worried about; but although the the workers take a great risk working with needles, sharps, and contact with the people, HIV testing is overall beneficial to the people, and with correct
The honesty box tries to bring out hidden facts behind the myths told by various researchers concerning HIV/AIDS. Some of these myths are based on the data presented which are usually inflated to favor funding and to act as a precautionary measure that AIDS exists everywhere. The book opens the ‘honesty box’ on drawbacks of medical research within the tropics. Pisani tackles highly contentious issues with zest, including the possible public health shortcoming of antiretroviral treatment, in addition to the benefits of mandatory HIV/AIDS testing. The author also presents data to show that if couples living in Thailand were to have further premarital sex, then their men would be the least likely to use commercial sex workers and the
Today, the number of cases of HIV and AIDS have dropped since the epidemic in 1981. However they are both still terrible diseases and still affect people. According to unicef.com,” …nearly 37 million people worldwide are living with HIV. According to the 2015 Statistical Update on HIV and AIDS among Children, HIV/AIDS is the second leading cause of death for teens
HIV/AIDs is a huge epidemic still plaguing society today. The lack of knowledge and technical advances has caused an increasing number of cases. It has made its way around the world since the 1940s, causing countries to join together in the fight against AIDs. With all the campaigning that has been done the numbers of cases continue to rise. Countries have separated the disease into three patterns to make it easier to distinguish the effects that AIDs has on different regions of the world. As well as what subtypes sprout from what areas. HIV/AIDs can be spread in many different ways. The future is still uncertain for the victims whom lives have been dramatically changed by this deadly disease.
Among individuals aged 13-24, an estimated 51% of those living with HIV at the end of 2013 did not know they were infected. In 2015, 39,513 individuals were diagnosed with HIV infection in the United States. In the United States, 6,721 individuals died from HIV and AIDS in 2014. African americans who adhere to an HIV program, will more than likely have an increase in compliance to HIV treatment. One of the most valuable means of combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic is through health education and awareness campaigns. Some of these campaigns emphasize abstinence while others focus on safe sexual activity. In the United States, HIV prevention programs had previously focused on abstinence education as the primary means of preventing HIV infection.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the most serious HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world. In 2013, an estimated 24.7 million people were living with HIV, accounting for 71% of the global total. In the same year, there were an estimated 1.5 million new HIV infections and 1.1 million AIDS-related deaths. The second largest country most impacted by HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is Lesotho.
The World Health Organization’s Global Health Observatory estimates that 78 million people have been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during the course of the epidemic, and that 39 million men, women, and children have died.1 Nearly 1 in 20 adults in sub-Saharan Africa are currently living with the infection. HIV represents one of the world’s most serious health problems.
CDC estimates that 1,218,400 persons aged 13 years and older are living with HIV infection, including 156,300 (12.8%) who are unaware of their infection (CDC, 2014). The overall rate of infection still remains high, this increased rate is also seen in the Asian population. According to the CDC, between 2005 and 2014 the Asian population in the United States grew around 24%, more than three times as fast as the total U.S. population, and within this time period, the number of Asians receiving an HIV diagnosis increased by nearly 70% (CDC, 2014). Although the increase is substantial, Asians still only account for 2% of new HIV diagnoses. Of the HIV incidence, meaning new infection, 86% are men, while 13% are women. Compared to 13% of the people in the United States who are undiagnosed, Asian population is at 21% who are undiagnosed. There are behaviors seen across the spectrum that puts people at risk for contracting and spreading the HIV virus, being undiagnosed is just one of them.
The number of people living with HIV remains to escalate, in large part a positive trend, because more than 15 million people worldwide as of March 2015 are on antiretroviral therapy and consequently are living longer(UNAIDS 2015:81). Concurrently, even if new HIV infections have dropped, there is still significant high number of new HIV infections every year, contributing to the burden of the epidemic. Globally, 0.8% of adults aged 15–49 years are living with HIV. Although 80% of people living with HIV live in only 20 countries, the HIV epidemic residues international, affecting all parts of the world and impose significantly to health problems in all corners of the world. Globally, it was able to provide prevention of maother to child transmission of HIV services for 73% of pregnant women living with HIV during the end of 2014.
When it comes to HIV/AIDS, it is still today regarded as the most critical epidemic that affects a significant number of people in the world’s population. HIV statistics for the end of 2013 indicate that around 35 million people are currently living with HIV worldwide, 38 percent less than in 2001. In the same year, around 2.1 million people became infected with HIV and 1.5 million died of AIDS-related illnesses. HIV and AIDS are found in all parts of the world, however some areas are more affected than others (“Global HIV & AIDS Epidemic,” 2014).
1. Comment on the Brazilian and Indian governments’ strategies for the prevention of AIDS via the marketing of condoms.