Prevention of Patient Falls

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Patient Falls
Patient falls is one of the commonest events within the healthcare facilities that affect the safety of the patients. Preventing falls among patients requires various methods. Recognition, evaluation, and preventing of patient falls are great challenges for healthcare workers in providing a safe environment in any healthcare setting. Hospitals have come together to understand the contributing factors of falls, and to decrease their occurrence and resulting injuries or death. Risk of falls among patients is considered as a safety indicator in healthcare institutions due to this. Falls and related injuries have consistently been associated with the quality of nursing care and are included as a nursing-quality indicator
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In the article published by Sirkin and Rosner (2009), it was reported that 70% of individuals above the ages of 65 years have hypertension and approximately a third of them fall every year. It was found that hypertension and fall are common in elderly and coexist in most of the cases. It has been thought that the medication that the hypertensive elderly use put them at risks fall. For instance, it has been found that psychotropic agents, antidepressants, hypnotics, anticholinergic and anxiolytics cause falls in many patients. These drugs have been reported to have serious neurological and autonomic effects among the vulnerable individuals (Sirkin & Rosner, 2009). Due to the high correlation between falls and medication, organizations are encouraged to have pharmacy staff provide an ongoing review of patient medication regimens. Through the active participation of nurses, vulnerable patients should be identified and managed according to the required plan.
In the mid 90’s the American Nurses Association (ANA) developed nursing quality indicators that show a connection between nursing care and patient outcomes. Patient injury rate, noted to be most often caused by falls, was promoted as a nurse sensitive indicator, a measure of quality that links patient outcomes with availability and quality of professional nursing services (Quigley, Neily, Watson, Marilyn, & Strobel, 2007). The ANA maintains that nurses are responsible to assess patient’s risk for falls
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