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Preventive Care Essay

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Preventive Care 18–39 Years, Female

Preventive care refers to lifestyle choices and visits with your health care provider that can promote health and wellness.

WHAT DOES PREVENTIVE CARE INCLUDE?
• A yearly physical exam. This is also called an annual well check.
• Dental exams 1–2 times a year.
• Routine eye exams. Ask your health care provider how often you should have your eyes checked.
• Personal lifestyle choices including:
○ Daily care of your teeth and gums.
○ Regular physical activity.
○ Eating a healthy diet.
○ Avoiding tobacco and drug use.
○ Limiting alcohol use.
○ Practicing safe sex.
○ Taking vitamin and mineral supplements as recommended by your health care provider.

WHAT HAPPENS DURING AN
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• Hepatitis C blood test.
• Hepatitis B blood test.
• Sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing.
• BRCA-related cancer screening. This may happen if you have a family history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancers.
• Pelvic exam and pap test. This may happen every 3 years starting at age 21. Starting at age 30 this may happen every 5 years if you have a Pap test in combination with a HPV test.
Discuss your test results, treatment options, and, if necessary, the need for more tests with your health care provider.
Vaccines
Your health care provider may recommend certain vaccines, such as:
• Influenza vaccine. This is recommended every year.
• Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap, Td) vaccine. You may need a Td booster every 10
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You may need this if you have not been vaccinated.
• HPV vaccine. If you are 26 or younger, you may need 3 doses over 6 months.
• Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine. You may need at least one dose of MMR. You may also need a second dose.
• Pneumococcal 13-valent conjugate (PCV13) vaccine. You may need this if you have certain conditions and were not previously vaccinated.
• Pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPSV23) vaccine. You may need 1–2 doses if you smoke cigarettes or if you have certain conditions.
• Meningococcal vaccine. One dose is recommended if you are age 19–21 years and a first-year college student living in a residence hall, or have one of several medical conditions. You may also need additional booster doses.
• Hepatitis A vaccine. You may need this if you have certain conditions or travel or work in places where you may be exposed to hepatitis A.
• Hepatitis B vaccine. You may need this if you have certain conditions or travel or work in places where you may be exposed to hepatitis B.
• Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine. You may need this if you have certain risk factors.
Talk to your health care provider about which screenings and vaccines you need and how often you need
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