Primary Prevention Of Substance Abuse

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The national bills introduced this legislative session focused on primary prevention of substance abuse and providing grants from national stakeholders to create individual state treatments. Numerous bills introduced at the national level were bills that amended other previously passed substance abuse bills. The two substances focused in these bills were general substances and opioids. By “general substance” this category refers to the abuse of multiple drugs, which includes opioids. The opioid abuse bills focus specifically on opioids and heroin. HR 4378, also referred to as the Access to Substance Abuse Treatment Act of 2016, was introduced on January 13, 2016. HB 4378 affects multiple national organizations including the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). This bill amends the Public Health Service Act which requires SAMHSA to provide grants to increase the availability of treatment for abuse of opioids, cocaine, methamphetamine, ecstasy, and PCP abuse, provide vouchers for individuals in underserved populations for services relating to treatment, and establish programs to provide for and coordinate provision of services, such as house assistance and job service training, to those reentering the community after successful drug treatment. Meanwhile, the NIDA must conduct research on the effectiveness of drugs to reduce the problems associated with stimulant abuse. The bill’s progress was
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