Principles of Effective Instruction

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INTRODUCTION Principles are laid down rules or facts discovered through systematic investigations which has been tested and proven to be true. Effective instruction is the process of helping students to achieve the best results they can and make a difference in their lives as well as the society. The principles of effective instruction are fundamental ideas that make the instructional process effective and efficient. There are several principles of effective instructions; five of these principles and two techniques for implementing each are as discussed below. 1. PRINCIPLE OF SELECTION Since it is impossible to teach every topic in a subject area within a given time frame, there is the need for selection. This is the first of the…show more content…
The teacher must however strive to satisfy all these categories of learners in his class. This involves the application of different instructional media. Techniques / Skills a. Identifying different group of learners in your class. Until the teacher is aware of the fact that not all learners in his class are same psychologically, it would be difficult for him to devise learning strategies which would help bring out the best in all his students. It is therefore necessary for the teacher to study each student and know their strength and weaknesses b. Set questions to suit the different breeds of students Ones the teacher knows the strengths and weaknesses of his students, he is to set assessment questions such that every student will be catered for. For instance, questions in an exam may have components that suit every student. 5. PRINCIPLE OF CORRELATION By this principle students are made to be aware that all aspects of learning are inter-related and no one subject is learned in isolation. For example Geography and History have many things in common just as Mathematics and Physics, and that knowledge acquired in one would be very beneficial in learning the other. This facilitates the idea of wholeness in the learning process. Techniques / Skills a. Use of relative previous knowledge in other subject areas A mathematics instructor teaching reflection
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