Principles of Safeguarding

Decent Essays
Sophie Harrison
Unit 4223-010 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection
Outcome 1 Know how to recognise the signs of abuse 1.1 Define the following types of abuse

Physical abuse – contact indented to cause feelings of intimidation, injury or other physical bodily harm

Sexual abuse – knowingly causing someone to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat

Emotional/psychological abuse – a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that can result in psychological trauma, often associated by a power imbalance such as child abuse or abuse in the workplace

Financial abuse – the misuse of a person’s funds and assets, or obtaining property and funds without the persons full consent and can involved theft of
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Victims can suffer from symptoms like being agitated, aggressive, or becoming withdrawn and uncommunicative. Victims could also start showing sings normally associated with illnesses such as dementia like rocking and biting. In children the signs and symptoms could be similar to those shown in adults – they can become withdrawn, aggressive and truancy from school can become the norm.

The victim of emotional abuse can turn to substance abuse, like drink or drugs, to help them deal with the stress of the abuse that they suffer from.

Financial abuse – Like emotional abuse, this may not leave physical signs of abuse caused by the abuser, but should the victim withhold money or property that the abuser may want, then there may be bruises or scratches from being hit or punched. The victim may turn to self-harm as a way of dealing with stress.

Direct signs and symptoms of financial abuse may be; bills not being paid, the victim not having food in the house, unusual financial transactions or clothes and property looking old, shabby, out-dated and dirty. Adults who have previously been living alone may suddenly have an acquaintance living with them or post, like bank statements being redelivered to a different address.

Institutional abuse – usually occurs in places where there are vulnerable people who should normally receive support and care for example, in a hospital, care home or school.
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