Prior To European Invasion And Settlement, Aboriginal Australians

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Prior to European invasion and settlement, Aboriginal Australians enjoyed a non-sedentary lifestyle that concentrated upon maintaining and sustaining their country, relationships and ecosystems. Anderson et al (2006) state that ‘Precontact health care systems’ were focused upon the inter-relationships of land, people, the living and non-living entities and creator beings. If the land was not cared for, it got sick, and so would all other beings related to the land, including the people (Anderson et al, 2006). Tenure of management was dictated by law, passed down through the Dreaming and Ancestors, and was practiced to ensure balance and to maintain health. The balance ensured a variable access to nutritional diets high in protein and…show more content…
The policy gave the government extensive powers over Aboriginal people with regards to residence, employment, marriage, education and nutrition (Kidd, 2000) thus promoting dependency and demoralization among Aboriginal people. Late 1800s through much of the twentieth century, the suppression of the rights of Aboriginal people continued with government control of wages and pensions, a practice now called ‘stolen wages’( Attwood, 2003). This imposed poverty on Aboriginal people and established the exploitation phase of fraudulent activities by governments and their public servants and the starving of Aboriginal communities of essential funds for survival (Kidd, 2000). The period (1814-1980s) saw the establishment of the Stolen Generations where Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were forcibly separated from their families. Neglect was used as the basis for removal (Anderson, 2002). The direct impact of this policy was the death of hundreds of Aboriginal children in residential care, due to physical, nutritional and psychological neglect (Kidd, 2000). From an Indigenous perspective, this removal policy and practice has been considered a genocidal act, which spread injury trans-generationally. It continues to cause considerable grief, loss and trauma among Aboriginal families thus impacting on Aboriginal health and wellbeing (Healing Foundation, 2016). The 2014-2015 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey
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