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Prison Incarceration Analysis

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There are several reasons why it is difficult to target the reentry programs to the offenders incarcerated in jail including mental illness, substance abuse and dependence, limited employability, and extensive criminal histories (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015). A percentage of the jail inmates have reported a mental condition, consequently, less than half of those received care. More than half of jail inmates abuse drugs or alcohol, furthermore, only a small percentage join any substance programs while in jail. The inmates have a low employability, with only slightly more than half that were working prior to their arrest. Additionally, there is a general shortage of personnel in the overcrowded setting. Another factor is that rarely do offenders
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