Prison System : Who Is Right?

2263 WordsApr 23, 201610 Pages
Lakeisha Clayborne Professor Alexander Tolj ENG Comp 111 22 April 2016 Prison System: Who is Right? The Encyclopædia Britannica defines prison as an institution for the confinement of persons whom have been remanded into custody by a judicial authority, or who have been deprived of their liberty following conviction for a crime. There are several accepted reasons for the use of imprisonment, with the individual reasons able to include one or several of them: • One approach aims to deter those who would otherwise commit crimes (general deterrence) and to make it less likely that those who serve a prison sentence will commit crimes after their release (individual deterrence). • A second approach focuses on issuing punishment to, or obtaining retribution from, those who have committed serious crimes. • A third approach encourages the personal reform of those who are sent to prison. • Lastly, in some cases it is necessary to protect the public from those who commit crimes—particularly from those who do so persistently (Coyle). The modern prison system was established first in Europe, late in the eighteenth century. The concept of the prison as a penitentiary, a place of punishment and personal reform, was advocated in this period by the English jurist and philosopher Jeremy Bentham, among others (Coyle). This led to the establishment of the first penitentiaries in the United States in both Pennsylvania and New York early in the nineteenth century. Ever since their creation
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