Prisons : Prisons And Prisons

1332 Words Sep 1st, 2014 6 Pages
Jails and Prisons Comparison Paper Throughout history, the general public often misinterprets the difference between jails and prisons. For long confinement terms, jails are not used to hold sentenced offenders. However, jails are the oldest of the correctional components. According to Seiter (2011), jails were initiated prior to halfway houses, parole, probation, or prisons. Also, jails hold various offenders such as those being held administratively for a criminal justice agency, waiting to transfer to another facility, being detained a pending trial, and also arrested (Seiter, 2011, chap. 3). Serving a sentence of one or more years, prisons are institutions designed to house adult offenders. In criminal corrections and justice, prisons are a comparatively innovative experience (Seiter, 2011, chap. 5). The CJi Interactive Multimedia and the readings discuss a jail’s place in corrections, historical role, state and federal prisons’ history, security levels differences and similarities, and influential growth factors.
Jail’s Place and Role throughout History According to Seiter (2011), England was where the first jails were created. Jails used to be called gaols and were constructed in 1166 by King Henry II. The jail was originally used to detain offenders awaiting trial. Due to vagrancy issues such as a lack of medical care, poor food, violence, and deplorable conditions of filth, they were used to house the mentally ill, the poor, and displaced individuals. After John…

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