Private Military Security Contractors

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Private Military Security Contractors under Public International Law In the later half of the 20th century, Private Military Security Contractors(PMSCs) have seen a widespread increase in use for various functions in governments throughout the world. However, PMSCs remain fall under an area of legal ambiguity; some authors have described the industry as “beyond the law” and “unregulated”. Despite effort of regulations by various international bodies, PMSCs still exist in a hazy legal environment today. After all, one of the main aspects that led to the creation and growth of the PMSC Industry was the need for forces that allowed governments to bypass the script oversight and law of militaries. However, there are various facets of public international law that can be used to regulate both the usage and actions of PMSC, creating an interesting legal matrix that controls the industry. Limits on the Usage of PMSCs The first way that PMSCs fall under the jurisdiction of Public International Law is through regulations on the usage and right to resort to PMSCs. From a broad prospective, it is possible for PMSCs to fall under laws concerning mercenaries in war. The international legal battle against mercenaries began in 1977 with the Geneva Convention Protocol 1, which denied mercenaries prisoner-of-war status. Later, in 1989, the International Convention Against the Recruitment, Use, Financing, and Training of Mercenaries creates further legal consequences and liabilities
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