Private Prisons

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Privatization of Prisons
As state budgets throughout America become tighter because of rising costs, many are looking at private prisons as a way to reduce the cost in detaining inmates. Just like everything else in America there has to be a debate about it. There are those that are for the privatization of prisons and those that are against it. James A. Fagin introduced this topic in his text book CJ2013; he discussed the major selling point of private prisons, and the problems that states are faced with.
The major selling point for the privatization of prisons is cost reduction for states. It’s argued that private prisons can reduce costs by millions because the upfront high costs to build new prisons do not have to be spent by the
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There is no evidence to support the perception that private prisons are more efficient. In the article Oppel quotes from an Arizona study that says minimum-security state inmates cost 2.6 percent or $1.39 more than those in private prisons before extra costs are accumulated by the state, and after the extra costs are figured in state inmates only cost 3 cent more a day. He says state medium-security inmates cost 4.4 percent less before the extra costs and 8.7 percent less after the extra costs are figured in. The result according to Oppel’s study is that state inmates cost $1,679 less per year, per inmate at a taxpayer expense of about two million dollars a year per prison.
In an article published in April of 2000, by the American Correctional Association Incorporated “Comparing Public and Private Prison Costs: The Arizona Method” written by Carl E. Nink and Judith Kilgus, Nink and Kilgus evaluate how the legislation from the State of Arizona makes sure that private prisons are maintaining a cost effective status for the state.
The original legislation stated that “Before renewing the initial contract, the performance of the contractor shall be compared to the performance of this state in operating similar facilities” which only required a comparison but did not have clear parameters. Arizona State legislation has now has added that the required cost savings are to be determined based on a cost comparison model established by the
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