Probation Parole And Parole For The Year 2013

3135 WordsMay 10, 201513 Pages
In 2014 the Bureau of Justice Statistics released a report regarding probation and parole for the year 2013, the most recent year for which data is available. The report noted that by the end of that year there were an estimated 4,751,400 adults serving probation or parole; women accounted for 25% (Herberman & Bonczar, 2014). The number of women on probation and parole doubled between 1990 and 2003, which led to research into the best practices for women offenders (Sydney, 2005). In addition to supervised release there were 173,824 individuals who were unconditionally released in 2013 (Carson, 2014). Unconditional release occurs when an inmate completes their prison term and is released without probation or parole requirements. In 1994 58.9% of women who were originally incarcerated for a drug offense were rearrested; 50.2% returned to prison (Deschenes, Owen, & Crow, 2007). According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics 43.4% of state prisoners are rearrested within one year of being released from prison (Carson, 2014). One-third of those that recidivate do so within the first six months (Carson, 2014). The reasons for a return to custody included parole violation, convicted of a new crime, or a parole revocation (Grella & Rodriguez, 2011). A large factor in the return to custody was unemployment, with women being twice as likely to recidivate if unemployed (Matheson, Doherty, & Grant, 2011). With the majority of incarcerated women having drug charges the lure of
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