Problem-Solving Criminal Justice Initiative

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Problem-solving Criminal Justice Initiative We can all agree that an important goal of the American criminal justice system is rehabilitation. It expects that most, if not all, offenders to learn from his or her wrongdoing and become productive members of society (Ballenstedt, 2008). It is this thinking at the heart of a community-based initiative that is designed to bring law enforcement officials together to form a single concerted effort to identify and address patterns of crime, mitigate the underlying conditions that fuel crime, and engage the community as an active partner (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007). It was this effort that identified the problem as failures of the judicial process. These failures …show more content…
At the heart of this innovative movement was the idea that it was no longer sufficient to just arrest, process, and adjudicate an offender. Rather it was necessary for law enforcement, prosecutors, probation officers, and the judiciary to attempt to reduce the rate of recidivism, improve public confidence in the system, and prevent crime down the road (Wolf, Prinicples of Problem-Solving Justice, 2007). The opening of the Miami-Dade County Drug Court in 1989 was the catalyst that inspired other jurisdictions around the country to create specialized courts that linked drug offenders to judicially monitored treatment (Wolf, A New Way of Doing Business, 2009). Similarly in New York City, the opening of the Midtown Court in 1993 set the example for stressed communities across the country by combining punishment and helps to steer low-level offenders in a law-abiding direction (Wolf, A New Way of Doing Business, 2009). Eventually other types of problem-solving courts emerged. These new courts specialized cases involving domestic violence, mental health, sex offenses, and driving under the influence. It was estimated that by 2008, the number of problem-solving courts swelled to more than 2,500 in the United States (Wolf, A New Way of Doing Business, 2009). The concept of problem-solving justice had sprouted from the notion that the judicial system in the United States had long taken the one-size-fits-all approach to
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