Problem of Tyranny of the Majority

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“Problem of Tyranny of the Majority”

Federalist papers were a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison and were publish with the pen name “Publius”. They were first written to urge the citizens of New York City to support ratification of the proposed United States Constitution. This paper will analyze the problem of tyranny of the majority in both society and the government by using Madison’s Federalist Papers No.10 and 51. It will also discuss how the republican government and separation of powers provide remedies.
In Federalist Paper No.10, Madison defines factions as groups of people who have a common self-interest. They would be different to the individual rights of other citizens because they were involved with their own benefits. He states that factions are inherent to human nature and citizens are no longer living under a state of liberty. Madison states, liberty is to faction what air is to fire , this means that with out liberty there cannot be any factions. By destroying the liberty, which is essential to its existence, the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests. The difference between those who have and those who don’t would always be in existence, and is in fact one of the most common unavoidable cause of factions. Individuals will always continue to associate themselves with those who are on the same level, as long as we have different property and economic statues.
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