Essay about Problems Due To Urbanization

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Recently, as developed countries, many cities have become more suitable to live in with all facilities that people need in favor of a comfortable live style. Therefore, many people migrate from rural areas to urban areas in a process so called urbanization (Wikipedia, 2009). Urbanization has become one of the most important issues facing both people live and governments in most countries. An important term that has been suggested as a policy to solve the problems associated with urbanization is sustainable development. Sustainable development might be defined as a balance between human needs and saving the environment (Wikipedia, 2009). This essay aims to examine the problems of urbanization as well as will discussing how that the policy…show more content…
The second point is traffic congestion. ''It is a condition on networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased queuing'' (Wikipedia, 2009). For instance, in Los Angeles, ten years ago the number of population was 8.8 million. This number associated with 6 million automobiles with 45 million journeys each day. Whereas, in 2010, is estimated that the number of journeys will be increased up to 60 million (Thisdell, 1993. pp2). Finally, air pollution might be a result of the previous problems, because with all these numbers of people using their own vehicles, they may contaminate the environment by cars' emissions. Stephen Gislason (2009) pointed out ''cities have become islands of toxic chemicals from the unrestrained use of vehicles burning fossil fuels''. In order to solve the problems which mentioned earlier, there are several possible solutions. First of all, government must continuo combating the increasing of automobiles either by imposing route tax or introducing more congestion charge. An example of this can be seen in Manchester, which has been recently set congestion charge in the city center to decrease numbers of automobiles, particularly at rush hour (BBC, 2007). This approach appears to work well in Manchester. Secondly, cities should improve its public transport to offer a convenient

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