Problems and Challenges Facing Probation

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An Overview of the Parole System and its Problems Overcrowding in both state and federal prisons has been a major problem facing the corrections system. There have been many ways to try and stop the overcrowding, but it is still a problem to this day. Parole is just one strategy that has helped with this problem. The first actual type of parole was introduced by Alexander Maconochie in 1840. It was a primitive system and the first actual system of parole was introduced in 1846 by Sir Walter Crofton. Crofton had the first system in which parolees would be put back in prison if their parole conditions were violated. Also, Crofton introduced supervision by police officials. These officials proved to be the first actual parole officers. It was…show more content…
These programs are not just setup for after prisoners are paroled, but instead, the programs start as soon as they enter prison. One such program, or model, would be the Intensive Aftercare Program, also known as the IAP model. This model ?posits that effective intervention with the target population requires not only intensive supervision and services after institutional release, but also a focus on reintegration during incarceration and a highly structured and gradual transition process that serves as a bridge between institutionalization and aftercare? (p. 1 Wiebush et al). Inmates need to be rehabilitated while still in prison. This gives them a better chance to live a normal life once they are released, causing recidivism to go down. The most important parts of this model would be the programs offered through it. On page two of their article, Wiebush et al, explain the programs as followed: Assessment, classification, and selection criteria. IAP focuses on high-risk offenders in order to maximize its potential for crime reduction and to avoid the negative outcomes previously demonstrated to result from supervising low-risk offenders in intensive supervision programs (Clear, 1988).

Individualized case planning that incorporates family and community perspectives. This component specifies the need for institutional and aftercare staff to jointly identify the services needed shortly after commitment and plan for how those needs will be
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