Produce a Report That Discusses Nutritional and Energy Requirements, Comparing and Contrasting Similarities and Differences Between the Two Groups for Each Nutrient and for Energy.

893 Words Jul 2nd, 2012 4 Pages
In this assignment the author will produce a report that discusses nutritional and energy requirements, comparing and contrasting similarities and differences between the two groups for each nutrient and for energy. The two groups the author has chosen to compare are women aged between 19-50 and pregnant women.
The recommended daily calorie intake is 1940kcal this amount is needed to provide them with enough energy throughout the day and to meet the BMR(basal metabolic rate)this is less compared to the amount needed by pregnant mothers as the amount needed by is considerably higher in the last three months pregnant mother’s need 2140kcal a day. This is because pregnant women need more calories more importantly later in the pregnancy as
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Iron is needed in 14.8mg by both groups of women this is because the absorption rate of iron increases during pregnancy although a woman's body needs more iron than usual to produce all the blood needed to supply nutrition to the placenta. Good sources of iron are green vegetables such as broccoli and spinach, strawberries, muesli and wholemeal bread. 10 per cent of women may need iron supplement due to menstrual losses therefore in that case their intake of iron could increase, but for women where this is not the case there is no increase. Zinc is needed 7.0mg for both groups this is because the absorption rate of zinc increases during pregnancy but in the first 4months of lactating this increases by 6.0mg then over 4 months increases by 2.5mg this is due to the fact that zinc is needed for the development of the baby. Vitamin A is needed in 600 µg in women aged 19-50 but for pregnant woman its increased by 100µg and when pregnant women are lactating there is a further increasing of 350µg the increase is Important for cell growth, eye development, healthy skin and mucous membranes, infection resistance, bone growth, fat metabolism, and red blood cell production and postpartum tissue repair. Thiamine is needed in 0.8mg but in pregnant women this is increased by 0.1mg and when the women are lactating it’s increased by a further 0.2mg as it
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