Propaganda Under Official Party Lines

2207 Words9 Pages
In Nazi Germany, the effort of consolidating propaganda under official party lines began gradually, following Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. Joseph Goebbels, Hitler’s Minister of Propaganda, created the Filmkreditbank in June 1933 as a means of credit lending to the film industry, which had suffered greatly in the recent depression. The entertainment industry also enjoyed a significant tax cut, from 11 to 8.5 per cent1]. In 1934, the Cinema Laws meant that the film industry could be corralled into a more unified message; the provisions allowed designations to be awarded to films that exemplified National Socialist ideals[2]. Films given these distinctions would enjoy elevated recognition and, consequentially, financial success, and those involved in the film would gain higher prospects in the film industry as a result[3]. Through this method of promotion, Goebbels was able to filter through the films he deemed “vague [and] formless” and promote those which “reflect[ed] national contours”[4]. The freedom of the press suffered greatly following the Reichstag Fire; over 230 leftist publications were shut down in the aftermath, and the rest of the leftist press, having been labeled a “Jewish” asset, was soon after expropriated and dismantled[5]. In the midst of this, Max Amann, Hitler’s spearhead in the press campaign, attempted to organize the chaos, but simplifying the structure to a top-down, regimented bureaucracy and reducing publications by 40 per cent had not achieved
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