Proposal for a Homemade Fusion Reactor
Table of Contents Introduction
Project Overview - Parts (a page for each part)
Electrical System Design
Calculations for Radiation
List of safety procedures
Nuclear fusion is a form of nuclear reaction which occurs when two or more atomic nuclei collide at a very high speed and as a result, join to form a new type of atomic nucleus. During this process, matter is not conserved because some of the mass of the fusing nuclei is converted into energy. Fusion is currently the process that powers active stars. Fusion was first achieved in 1951 with the Greenhouse Item nuclear test. Research…show more content… Gamma radiation is also a possible byproduct from a fusion reactor. However, the amount of gamma rays produced will be noticeably less than the amount of x-rays produced and anything that is sufficient enough to shield from x-rays will be more than enough to shield from gamma rays. The only other places radiation can come from are from the top and bottom of the vacuum chamber. Regardless of how much radiation will be coming from the bottom of the chamber it will not affect us because we won’t be looking under the chamber or above the chamber most likely when the reactor is running.
On top of this both the top of the bottom are being built from aluminum which will stop some radiation. Lastly, a thin sheet of lead, or a some water / dirt can be placed on top or under the container in order to help block the radiation a lot more.
Due to the risks that can occur from high radiation levels, a backup plan has been developed in the case of high radiation levels. To start, at the start of the project a Geiger Counter will be purchased in order to keep track of all the radiation and determine whether the radiation ever reaches unsafe levels.
Should the radiation level be determined to be harmful, the reactor will be surrounded by material in