Proposal on the Impact of Performance Appraisal on Employees Productivities

5681 Words Mar 4th, 2013 23 Pages
THE EFFECTS OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM ON CIVIL SERVANTS JOB PERFOMANCE AND MOTIVATION IN KENYA: A CASE STUDY OF MINISTRY OF STATE FOR PUBLIC SERVICE G. O. Lillian, P. Mathooko, N. Sitati Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Abstract.
Performance Appraisal System (PAS) which can be defined as the process of determining and communicating to an employee how he or she is performing on the job. The system (PAS) began to be practiced in the world mainly in the 1940s and through this system, merit rating was used for the first time around the Second World War as a method of justifying an employee’s wages. The process was based on material outcomes where higher output was rewarded with higher pay. Since then, PAS has spread
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PA may therefore be said to be a continuous process which entails setting direction and standards, monitoring and measuring of performance. Performance Appraisal began to be practiced in the world in 1940s. Merit rating was used for the first time around the Second World War as a method of justifying an employee’s pay/wages (Moorhead and Griffin, 1992). The process was based on material outcomes where higher output was rewarded with higher wages/pay and vice-versa. However, early researchers realized that employees with almost equal ability to work and pay had different levels of motivation towards work and also performance (Dulewicz, 1989). Today, PA is one of the key elements of any organization’s drive towards competitive advantage through continuous performance improvement (Bratton and Gold,2003). In the absence of a well structured PAS, managers will therefore have a tendency of judging employee work performance informally and also arbitrarily (Dulewicz, 1989). In Singapore, a fast developing country for example, PA in the Public Service is known as PRAISE (Promotion, Ranking and Appraisal System). (Singapore Public Service Division, 2009). In the south Africa, PA has been used to help public servants know what is expected of them, increase