Pregnancy and Antidepressants
There are times that one feels hopeless during a situational event, but usually this feeling passes. Depression can be situational or clinical. The severity of the depression can cause one to be suicidal, especially if one is diagnosed with clinical depression, or a bipolar disorder. In the research report, Epidemiology of Women and Depression, it states that it is more common for women than men to have depression, and hormonal changes can contribute to depression. Pregnancy can cause depression, but what about mothers who also have a depressive disorder? (Kessler). This paper will look at these concerns, and will look at the risks to the mother and child, as well as the pros and cons of taking antidepressants (ADs) during pregnancy. Many of those who have major depressive disorders are also of childbearing age. According to the article, Antidepressants and Pregnancy, 10% - 15% of women of childbearing age are diagnosed with clinical depression. Mothers have to make a decision to continue taking ADs whilst they are pregnant (Hampton). Those with serious mental disorders that are used to taking them to control depression are faced with an even more difficult choice. It may be safer to take ADs for the sake of the mother’s health.
However, suicide is the more serious side of depression, and the health of the mother has to come first. There are more findings that have found that ADs are less risky to take while pregnant. In my research, I found that in most articles that stated the risk of taking ADs while pregnant were low. According to Web MD, in an article, Pregnancy and Antidepressants, it states that untreated depression can adversely affect the baby as well as the mother. It is safer to stop ADs if one has mild depression, and if one has been symptom free for at least 6 months. There is a danger though of a mother having untreated depression. A woman who is depressed is not likely to look after herself. For example, she may not eat healthy, skip doctor’s appointments, and engage in risky behaviors such as drinking alcohol, smoking and/or taking drugs whilst pregnant. Consequently, these actions pose a risk of harming the baby, including preterm birth, miscarriage,