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Pros And Cons Of In-Vitro Fertilization

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Advancements in Embryology is Allowing Women To Be In Charge In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) can still be considered a relatively new technology, only being around generally for thirty years. Through advancements of IVF, other technologies like that of stem cell research have also advanced.”IVF and related bioscience and biomedical technologies have become a normal part of contemporary life”(Sasaki). IVF is a way of reproduction nonsexually because of the inability to reproduce naturally. Louise Brown, the first baby to be conceived via IVF, or first test tube baby, was born in 1978, in Manchester, England. The group of doctors responsible for Brown’s birth was Patrick Steptoe, surgeon, and Robert Edwards, a reproductive physiologist, Edwards…show more content…
Throughout the years, advancements have been discovered that have not been available before. There are now sperm and egg donors. A woman can have a baby without having a partner through a sperm donor, without being able to produce eggs on her own through an egg donor, or if the woman is unable to carry a baby to full term, surrogate mothers are available to carry the baby and give birth to that couple's offspring by using their egg and sperm. Another major discovery is the ability to pick certain traits, not including gender. With the picking of specific traits, traits can be turned off as well. Technology has now enabled blastomere biopsy. This is where during the six to eight cell stage, early prenatal diagnosis of inheritable conditions is detected. Some of these diseases include cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy, hemophilia, and sickle cell disease. These are caused by a single gene defect and can only be detected through IVF because the embryo is not accessible to the physician during the early stages. However, with any medical procedure comes risks, complications, and downsides. A major complication associated with IVF is the condition known as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome which occurs during the hormone induced ovulation. The follicles become overstimulated, causing the ovary to become drastically enlarged. In severe cases, the woman can suffer many side effects like abdominal pain, abnormal kidney function, and fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity or lungs. Hospitalization is enforced to monitor the woman as that her blood can start to clot and blood pressure drops drastically. This can lead to death. Other risks included infection from the needle in the vagina as the body not recognizing the foreign object. The needle also puts the risks of bleeding because of the ability it can puncture surrounding blood vessels.
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