Pros And Cons Of Private Prisons

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With the highest prison population in the world, the United States utilizes both public and private prison systems to house its prisoners. The privatization of prisons has caused significant controversy regarding the quality of these private prisons compared with that of public prisons. Because private prisons are run by for-profit corporations rather than a government department such as the Federal Bureau of Prisons, some believe that these prisons have no incentive to rehabilitate prisoners and cannot be held to the same regulations and standards. However, there is also evidence that a private prison system bolsters the economy by creating tax revenue and jobs and reduces costs. With the privatization of prisons becoming an increasingly relevant issue in politics, it is crucial that citizens are informed of why private prisons exist and the pros and cons of both systems.
Due to a massive spike in prison population starting in the 1980s, the cost of incarceration rose and the state government had more prisoners than they could accommodate in existing facilities. (“State Punishment and Private Prisons”, 439). The population continued to grow and in 2003, there was an estimated number of 2.1 million people incarcerated. As a result, prison officials looked to the private sector which offered the same services for less money. One of the first private contractors the United States turned to was an organization called the Corrections Corporation of America. CCA employed many

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