Pros And Cons Of The Treaty Of Versailles

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Treaty of Versailles

In January,1919 the allied leaders attended a peace conference to discuss about the peace terms they would offer to the central power in Paris. Twenty-seven victorious Allied powers were present, but the meetings were dominated by the ‘Winners’, Britain, France and USA. Russia was not summoned because she was not trusted after the Bolshevik Revolution of November 1917 and had already made peace with Germany. The treaty was crafted so that Germany would be disabled and it wouldn’t restart another war and the country was severely treated as her most worthy assets were taken. The stipulations of the treaty were categorized into three groups: Territorial, Military and Financial and economic. Germany was coerced by the war
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The linkage that the name had with Germany was not approved by the Allies and it had go by ‘Austria’ only. As the treaty of Versailles enforced key military clauses on Germany, Austria had to face somewhat a similar treatment where its army was restricted to just 30,000 men, however it did not face restrictions as much as Germany did.

The Treaty affirmed that the Austro-Hungarian Empire was to be disbanded. According to article 177, Austria, along with the other central power accepted responsibility for starting the war and had to pay reparations, just like others. The new Republic of Austria comprising most of the German-speaking Danubian and Alpine provinces in former Cisleithania, accepted the independence of Hungary. Due to much of Austria’s industry going to Czechoslovakia, it suffered severe economic problems after the war. Other areas also suffered because they were unexpectedly part of a foreign state.

The Austria created by the treaty was financially and militarily weak and therefore a chronic force of instability in Europe between the two World Wars

Treaty of
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During World War One, Bulgaria was an ally of Germany and the big three were not made to either be understanding or open-handed to Bulgaria. Like Germany and Austria, as other settlements after the war, Bulgaria was required to shrink its army and pay restitutions. Following the treaty of Neuilly, the Bulgarian Army was limited to just 20,000 men and was ordered to pay reparations of £400 million. Under the articles, Thrace (a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey) was granted to Greece.

What’s more, Bugalria lost its admission to the Aegean Sea, which it had achieved in 1913 in the first Balkan war. The newly formed kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia after 1929) stretched its eastern borders and gained the Macedonian territory. Southern Doruja was also lost to Romania.

This treaty was not effective because Bulgaria did not follow it through until 75% was decreased from it. Upon learning of the terms of the Treaty of Neuilly, the Bulgarian people were furious. However, they were powerless and couldn’t do anything to change the conditions. When World War Two broke out, Bulgaria sided with Nazi Germany and regained all the land taken from her by the Treaty of Neuilly. By the time World War Two ended, Bulgaria’s effective independence also
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