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Pros Of Nonviolent Activism

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“There is no such thing as defeat in nonviolence” (“Cesar Chavez Quotes,” 2017.) This quote by nonviolent labor activist Cesar Chavez characterizes one of the many practical arguments for nonviolence: the success rate of nonviolent activism, which has been found to be significantly higher than for violent efforts, and that nonviolent movements that fail lead to a higher rate of success in the future. Although many countries and groups still choose violent methods, numerous studies and examples have demonstrated the practical advantages of nonviolent activism. First, studies such as a 2011 study by Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan have demonstrated that nonviolent movements have a significantly higher success rate than nonviolent movements. Second, numerous examples, such as the United States’ violent involvement in the Middle East, demonstrate that violent endeavors by countries, also known as hard power, are extremely costly, particularly from a monetary perspective compared to diplomatic efforts, known as soft power. Third, the field of peace psychology, through examples such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder found in people who participate in violent activities, demonstrates that violence is not inherent in humans and that significant psychological harm can result from violent actions. Together, these practical arguments demonstrate that nonviolent actions are superior to violent actions. Over the past few decades, numerous studies have demonstrated that that success
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