Prosecution Of The International Civil Aviation Organization

1519 WordsNov 21, 20167 Pages
Prosecution of Aviation Criminals Civil Accountability or Detriment to Public Safety Since the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1944 and the United States (U.S.) National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in 1967, safety of the flying public has been a top priority. To maintain safety, the ICAO member states and NTSB promulgate regulations and guidelines for aviation safety, and investigate aviation accidents separately from other civil or governmental agencies. However, a troubling trend has developed in ICAO member states of Brazil, France, Greece, Indonesia, Spain, and Turkey, where criminal investigations of commercial aviation accidents have run parallel or obstructed an aviation safety investigation (See Appendix A for specific information on aviation accidents in these ICAO states). Criminal investigations stemming from commercial aviation accidents are not historically unprecedented and are indeed necessary in cases of terrorism, sabotage or intentional misconduct. Court records show that twenty-seven criminal prosecutions were conducted internationally against commercial airlines and business jet operators from 1956 through 1999 (Nemsick & Passeri, 2012). However from 2000 to 2009, aviation criminal prosecutions globally doubled in frequency and scope due to six high visibility aviation accidents in the previously mentioned ICAO states. During this nine year period, twenty-eight criminal prosecutions occurred and
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