Prostate Cancer : A Common Type Of Cancer

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Introduction Testicular cancer is a very common type of cancer found in men. I have decided to write my research paper on this subject, as it has affected one of my very close friends. I spent most a year learning about this disease from his detection, exams, treatment and ultimately, surgery. During and after his surgery I took on the role of being his primary caregiver, providing him with emotional and physical support. This cancer was extremely sudden and in the end caused various traumatic side effects. I experienced first-hand how the diagnoses for testicular cancer induced feelings of fear, anxiety, depression, frustration and guilt. However, after accepting the diagnoses and undergoing treatment and surgery, he has been able to…show more content…
Usually, by the time the child is six months old, the testicle will come down on its own naturally. However, if the child’s testicle has not descended by age 1, surgery also known as “orchiopexy”, will need to be performed. Undescended testicles, even when corrected, are still a risk for testicular cancer. (Nall, 2016). “Around half of a man’s risk of developing testicular cancer comes from the genes he inherits from his parents” says Dr. Clare Turnbull, a senior researcher in genetics and epidemiology at the Institute of Cancer Research. Testicular cancer passed down through genetics come from many minor mutations in DNA code, rather than one faulty gene. Only about 10% of gene mutations that cause this cancer, have been discovered by scientists. Having a brother, father or uncle with testicular cancer increases the risk of developing it. (Russell, 2015). Most cases of testicular cancer are not linked to being HIV positive, however, men with HIV or AIDS have a 35-79% higher risk of developing it than the general population. Studies suggest that the reason for this increased risk is due to the weakened immune system of those men who are infected with HIV. Further study is needed to clarify why this infection causes an increased risk as there is not enough evidence that HIV/AIDS contributes directly to testicular cancer. (Cancer Research UK). Having a history of testicular cancer in one testicle increases the risk of eventually developing it in the other. This
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