Prostate Cancer And Its Effects On African Americans

1126 Words Jan 13th, 2015 5 Pages
Prostate Cancer in Brooklyn
Chandra Tameshwar
Nursing 304
Professor Dr. McDuffie

Prostate cancer originates in the male prostate gland. Cancers in this gland are the most common malignancies, which grow very slowly, and can have minimal effect on a man’s quality of life. However, a tumor in the prostate gland can be problematic for men, especially black men, even though it is only about the size of a walnut. Located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate provides the fluid that nourishes and protects sperm cells in the semen. Researchers are still debating the cause of this disease, although certain risk factors such as age, ethnicity, culture, environment, diet, and family history, increase the chance of getting it. Prostate cancer affects African American men and early screening and detection are the key factors that can be used to prevent mortality and reduce morbidity, especially in the Brooklyn area. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in African American men and has the highest reported mor¬tality rate, which is 2.4 times higher than in Caucasian men or any racial or ethnic group in the United States, according to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC; 2014). African American males, including those from Jamaica, a Caribbean Island, have the highest prostate cancer incidence rates worldwide. The reason for this is not clear, but may reflect genetic factors that vary in populations…
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