Prostate Cancer And Its Effects On African Americans

1126 Words Jan 13th, 2015 5 Pages
Prostate Cancer in Brooklyn
Chandra Tameshwar
Nursing 304
Professor Dr. McDuffie

Prostate cancer originates in the male prostate gland. Cancers in this gland are the most common malignancies, which grow very slowly, and can have minimal effect on a man’s quality of life. However, a tumor in the prostate gland can be problematic for men, especially black men, even though it is only about the size of a walnut. Located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate provides the fluid that nourishes and protects sperm cells in the semen. Researchers are still debating the cause of this disease, although certain risk factors such as age, ethnicity, culture, environment, diet, and family history, increase the
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Brooklyn communities has a larger group of men from African American descent, more than other ethnic groups, as per statistics, the risk factor is higher for prostate cancer. Therefore the age factor for screening should start at age 50, for a better chance of to detecting the disease in its earliest stages (Jemal, Bray and Ferlay 2011). Early detection of prostate cancer provides the greatest options for treatment and the best chances of a positive long-term prognosis. According to medical expert Dr. Andre Balla, at the Medical College of Wisconsin, “There is a higher correlation between fat cells and cancer than any other thing that is known” (Thompson and Leach 2014). Fatty diets can lead to higher levels of testosterone in men 's blood, which can over stimulate the cells of the prostate, increasing the cancer risk, so is a diet high in animal fats. Factors such as longer hours of work, maybe doing two jobs to support a family, coupled with lack of sleep and failure to maintain a proper diet can increase the stress level thereby making one susceptible to many illnesses, including cancer (Thompson and Leach 2014). African American men with an immediate family member, a brother, son or father, who had prostate cancer, have a one in three chances of developing the disease. Furthermore, the risk is increased to 83 percent with two immediate family members having the disease and
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