Prostate Cancer Informative speech Essay example

767 Words Nov 23rd, 2013 4 Pages
What is the Prostate?
The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system, which makes and stores a fluid that nourishes sperm.
The prostate gland is about the size of a walnut, and surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that empties urine from the bladder. If the prostate gland grows too large, the flow of urine can be slowed or stopped.
Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men in the United States (other than skin cancer), and accounts for more than one-quarter of all men diagnosed with cancer each year.
Some prostate cancers grow very slowly and may not cause problems for years.
Common Misconceptions about Prostate Cancer
• Prostate cancer is an old man’s disease.
• If you don’t
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• Stage II cancer involves more than one part of the prostate.
• Stage III cancer has spread beyond the outer layer of the prostate into nearby tissue.
• Stage IV cancer has spread to other areas of the body such as the bladder, bone, liver, lungs.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Early prostate cancer often does not cause symptoms. But prostate cancer can cause any of these problems:
• A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
• Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine
• Inability to urinate
• Weak or interrupted flow of urine
• Painful or burning urination
• Blood in urine
A man who has symptoms like these should see his doctor or urologist.
Methods of Treatment
Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage of the disease and the grade of the tumor. Once the decision is made to treat prostate cancer, your doctor will decide the type of treatment. Prostate cancer can be managed in a number of ways:
• Watchful Waiting may be suggested for some men who have prostate cancer that is found at an early stage and appears to be slow growing.
• Surgery is a common treatment for early stage prostate cancer. The doctor may remove all of the prostate (radical prostatectomy) or only part of it.
• Radiation therapy (called radiotherapy) uses high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells. Like surgery, radiation therapy is local therapy and it can affect cancer cells only in the treated area.
• Hormonal therapy deprives cancer cells from

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