Prostate Cancer : The Most Common Cancer

2250 Words Apr 4th, 2016 9 Pages
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and it is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men according to the American Cancer Society(ACS) ( 2016). Older age is the strongest risk factor for the development of prostate cancer. Approximately 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime (ACS, 2016). There are more than 2.9 million prostate cancer survivors in the United States (ACS, 2016). The risk of dying from prostate cancer is 2.9 percent, with seventy percent of deaths occurring after age 75(ACS, 2016; Howlader, Krapcho, Neyman,Aminou et al, 2011). The use of the prostate-specific antigen testing transformed prostate cancer screening in the 1990’s (Up to date) . PSA screening for prostate cancer is very controversial, especially in regards to over diagnosis, potential impact on quality of life with overtreatment.
Risk Factors
Older age is the strongest risk factor for the development of prostate cancer. Black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer have an increased risk of developing and dying of prostate cancer. Black men are approximately twice as likely to die of prostate cancer than other men in the United States , and the reason for this disparity is unknown (Howlader, Noone, Krapcho, Neyman, Aminou et al, 2011).
Screening
Screening implys detection of disease at an early, pre-symptomatic stage. The purpose of screening is to detect diseases early when they are typically easier to treat. Prostate…
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