within this assignment I will be talking about the factors which could lead to suspicion of child maltreatment or abuse, different strategies and methods that are used in order to minimise the harm to children, young people and their families where and when the abuse is confirmed. I will also be talking about the responses where child maltreatment or abuse is suspected or confirmed relating to current legislations and policies.
Physical abuse involves hitting, kicking, poisoning, burning and shaking or causing harm to a child, and it can occur when parents fabricate symptoms, or purposely induces illness to a child (DfES, 2010). According to National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty Children (NSPCC) (2013), explains that when parents are caring for children can sometimes be a struggle, and they can use punishment like hitting as a way to discipline them which can cause physical injuries such as scares and fracture, and the best way to do it is by setting boundaries, talking, explaining and listening which can be a better way than kicking or burning a child. However, according to Beckett (2003), described there those injuries that
Physical abuse – involves causing deliberate physical harm to a child and may include burning, drowning, hitting, poisoning, scalding, shaking, suffocating or throwing. Physical abuse also includes deliberately causing, or fabricating the symptoms of, ill health in a child.
safeguarding, who a vulnerable adult is, different types of abuse, who may abuse, factors and
The indicators of physical abuse can include unexplained bruising, marks or injuries on any part of the body, multiple bruises, broken bones or even multiple burn marks. There can also be a change in behaviour while a child is being physically abused, such as; fear of parents being approached for an explanation, aggressive behaviour, flinching when approached or touched, depression, withdrawn behaviour or even running away from home.
Have a legal responsibility to support children and families in need. Most social worker will be employed by social services
Physical abuse includes the smashing of furniture and personal belongings, being pushed or shoved, being held against your will,slapped, bitten, kicked, pinched, punched, choked or ducked under water, threatened or hurt with a weapon, threats of violence, locked in or out of the house, hair pulled …burnt with cigarettes, acid, an iron, hot food or water … Signs: bruising, particularly in well-protected and covered areas, fractures, sprains or dislocations,
Physical abuse can include: hitting, slapping, pushing, pinching, force feeding, kicking, burning, scalding, misuse of medication or restraint, catheterisation for the convenience of staff, inappropriate sanctions, a carer causing illness or injury to someone in order to gain attention for themselves ( this might be associated with a condition called fabricated and induced illness ).
Physical abuse is where someone is causing physical harm to another. This could be hitting, pushing, slapping, pinching, kicking, scalding, restraint, misuse of medication and other things causing harm. Signs or this would be unexplainable; red marks and bruising, cuts and grazes, burns, weight loss, finger marks, fractures, scratches, pressure ulcers and sores and/ rashes from wet/soiled bedding. The person being abused would also have behavioural changes, health deterioration with our obvious cause.
harm I.e hitting, biting, slapping. The abuse may leave markings which there are no reasonable
If an individual starts to act out of character, their behaviour changes, their demeanour differs or they start to put themselves at risk it may be an indication of abuse, whereby safeguarding should be put into action. Often when a child or young person is being abused they are subjected to more than one type, therefore it is essential that the different type of abuse is highlighted and the signs or symptoms of abuse is identified so that if they are acknowledge they are reported and acted upon.
Rape, as defined by the Uniform Crime Reporting Program in 2011, is “penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.” This differs from the previous definition of rape, “first established in 1927, ‘the carnal knowledge of a female, forcibly and against her will.’ It thus included only forcible male penile
“Abuse is still seriously under reported. I was told by leading British social worker that when they hold training courses for employees, they find that a third of the females and slightly less of the males come forward to talk about their childhood experiences of being abused. Over ninety percent of parents as some time hit their children – and some people hit them several times a week – so there is a great deal of emotional hurt, fear and physical pain in the world today” (Davis 251). For this reason alone it makes perfect sense why violent crime rates are so frighteningly high.
Physical abuse is when someone deliberately hurts another person causing injuries such as cuts and bruises (HealthyPlace, 2015). Anyone can experience physical abuse at any time. Physical abuse on adults can include domestic violence, abuse on elderly in care homes or when being cared for in their homes by nurses or family members, people with a disabilities or mental illness, substances abusers. Physical abuse acts include: Hitting, slapping, assaulting, scratching, shoving, mistreatment of medication, restraint (Safeguardingdurhamadults.info, 2015).
In this paper, childhood psychological abuse will be referred to as acts of commission or omission towards a child by the primary caregiver which involves risk of causing potential harm or substantial harm to the child’s health, survival or development (Child Family Community Australia (CFCA), 2015 & WHO, 2017). More specifically physical abuse is an act of violence with the use of intentional physical force resulting in a non-accidental injury or physical trauma (Department of Communities, Child Safety & Disability, 2017 and NSPCC, 2017). Physical abuse occurs in a variety of forms including; hitting, shaking, throwing objects, burning, biting, slapping, kicking, punching and strangling (NPCC, 2017) causing severe injury and long-lasting implications (NSPCC,2017).