Providing Educational Programs for Female Prisoners

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Providing Educational Programs for Female Prisoners

Toward the end of the twentieth century nearly 84,000 women were incarcerated in a state or federal correctional institution within the United States (Gillespie 91). Currently "the number of incarcerated women has exploded within the last twenty years" (Davis 79). After serving their sentence, leaving behind a life composed of bars, guards and time to reflect upon their crime. Most female offenders are released only carrying a few items of clothing, personal items, memories and good luck wishes from their fellow inmates. While beginning a new chapter of their life, they are reintegrated among the world. Within a small time period they are expected to find employment and live a life
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A sense of ownership and increase value of self-esteem is developed through the various programs offered in correctional institutions for women (Lehand 49). With a large amount of female inmates having low self- esteem as a result of women experiencing more physical, sexual and emotional abuse in comparison to man. By female inmates taking ownership of their life and make changes to advance in life, their self-value increases. The "success in education, especially college, provides more self-esteem than any other program" (Davis 81). Helping them become better and functional members of society. Many female inmates who once suffered from poverty become capable of providing a better living status for themselves and family. "About seventy percent of women prisoners have children under the age of eighteen years, and sixty-four percent of all female inmates have been caring for their children prior to their incarcernation"(Gillespie 99). Leaving nearly two hundred fifty thousand children motherless. Studies have indicated that the relationship between an incarcerated mother and their child is dramatically affected (Gillespie 99). Often leaving a sense of insecurity with many incarcerated mothers desiring a relationship with their children. Programs which allow extended family visitation rights allow mothers to spend more time with their children. These programs permit the mother to be emotionally involved with their child's life. Reinforcing and maintaining the crucial
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