Providing the World with Drinking Water in the 21st Century Essay

1058 Words5 Pages
Each day, over 5,000 children die from diarrhea-related diseases developed from unsafe drinking water. Approximately one billion people do not have access to clean drinking water; one billion people about equates to one out of every six individuals. The deaths resulting from unsafe drinking water are greater than the number of deaths caused by war. We all must work together to find new sources of freshwater so that everyone in the world will have adequate supplies of safe drinking water. This essay will outline current and future technologies that will be available to resolve this problem in the coming years.

Water covers nearly three quarters of the Earth, yet people still die everyday from the lack of fresh water. How is
…show more content…
Modern desalination projects use a method called “reverse osmosis,” which separates the salt from ocean water by pushing the water through a membrane at high pressures. The idea of desalination is not a new one; today, over 12,000 desalination plants operate around the globe . However, while the idea seems sound, the actual implementation of the process costs extraordinary amounts of money due to the large amounts of energy needed to run the process. Many of the 12,000 desalination plants that are in operation are located in coastal regions of high affluence. Yet, the areas in dire need of freshwater include the Middle East and northern Africa, which areas of limited water access and financial support. If the costs of energy use in the desalination process cannot be lowered it will not be able to solve the fresh water problem.

Countries such as the United States, China, and India have employed large-scale operations to divert water from regions with an abundance of fresh water to regions lacking in fresh water supplies. These programs have been successful, yet the success is defined only in the short-term. These projects simply cannot meet the large demands of fresh water needed in these regions. Not only do these projects fail to meet the demands, ecological and political problems arise from the actual implementation of these programs. Large tracts of piping are needed to transport the water from
Get Access