Canada faced dramatic changes through the decades of the 1960’s and 1970’s, but in particular the province of Quebec. In 1959, Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis died, this marked the beginning of the Quiet Revolution. Duplessis was the Union Nationale leader and the party had controlled Quebec for decades until shortly after Duplessis’ death, a provincial election was held where the Liberals, led by Jean Lesage, had won the vote. The Liberals started moving away from the Catholic ideologies, traditions were being shifted and a transformed society was taking over the province of Quebec. Lesage was famously quoted in 1962 “There is no doubt in my mind; it’s now or never that we must become masters in our own home.” which became the Liberals
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was arguably one of the most vivacious and charismatic Prime Ministers Canada has ever seen. He wore capes, dated celebrities and always wore a red rose boutonniere. He looked like a superhero, and often acted like one too. Some of the landmark occurrences in Canadian history all happened during the Trudeau era, such as patriating the constitution, creating the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the 1980 Quebec Referendum. However, it is Trudeau’s 1969 “white paper” and the Calder legal challenge which many consider to be one of his most influential contributions to Canadian history.
Fig. 1. Brian Mulroney’s first year in office (1984), he led the first conservative majority government in 26 years.1
Quebec Separation 1980,1995 In 1980 The PQ government called a referendum asking weather Quebec should have a new agreement with the rest of Canada. The No side won by a slim margin. In response to the referendum Pierre Trudeau promised to reform the Constitution. "Do you want "a new agreement with the rest of Canada, based on the equality of nations"? That was the heart of the question placed before the people of Quebec in the May 20, 1980 referendum. René Lévesque's Parti Québécois was asking Quebecers for a mandate to negotiate "sovereignty-association", an idea that inflamed federalists and separatists alike.
With his announcement on August 2, 2015 Prime Minister Stephen Harper set in motion a 78-day election campaign, one of the longest and quite possibly the most expensive in Canadian history (Maloney, 2015). The structural constraints posed by the first-past-the-post electoral system, and the institutional constraints of the parliamentary system and campaign spending legislation were all potentially beneficial to Harper and the Conservative Party, but his underestimation of strategic voting and the power of social media, combined with his use of polarising debates and the decision of many popular incumbent Tory MP’s not to run, led to his party’s downfall and the creation of a Liberal majority government. This essay delves deeper into the factors behind the Conservative Party’s loss in the October 2015 Canadian election, in an attempt to understand why they were unable to secure a fourth mandate and come out first-past-the-other parties.
Vive Le Quebec Libre: The Trudeau & Levesque War Yuvitra Jeyaraman Mr. Paul Klassen 4th of April 2015 Social Studies Research Essay “Gens du pays, c 'est votre tour, De vous laisser parler d 'amour”, those were the only words to be heard across the arena, as Rene Levesque, then Prime Minister of Quebec delivered his
Sophie Castel Ms. Loftus CHC 2D1 01/3/2010 Pierre Elliott Trudeau and How He Shaped the Canadian Identity Governing from 1968 to 1984, Pierre Elliott Trudeau was one of the most significant Prime Ministers of Canada. In relation to human rights, Trudeau wanted every Canadian to be treated as an equal. Culturally, Trudeau wanted to celebrate and unite the
The rise of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation in Saskatchewan during the 1930s and the early 1940s was one of the most significant political shifts in Canadian history. The election in 1944 heralded the defeat of the previously dominant Liberals and made the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation the main political force in Saskatchewan until the end of the twentieth century. However, this rise was not just due to the success of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation's rhetoric; in convincing the population that the Liberals and Progressive-Conservatives were too closely aligned with the current and economic and political systems. The rise was also due to political missteps, on both the part of the Liberals and Progressive-Conservatives,
Canada’s parliamentary system is designed to preclude the formation of absolute power. Critics and followers of Canadian politics argue that the Prime Minister of Canada stands alone from the rest of the government. The powers vested in the prime minister, along with the persistent media attention given to the position,
Furthermore, populism plays an imperative role in Alberta’s political culture. In fact, Stewart and Archer (2000) maintain that “Alberta politics is leadership politics… encouraging direct, populist links between the leader and the public (pg 172-173). Hence, Prentice’s decision to receive Wildrose floor-crossers, as well as make hazardous public statements may have annulled the possibility of a populist link between Albertans and his leadership. Furthermore, it is important to note that while positive perceptions of Prentice were faltering amongst Albertan voters, the Progressive Conservative’s campaign strategy was to portray the party leader as front and centre. This was despite the growing disaffection of Albertan voters towards Prentice. Therefore, the strategy undertaken by the Progressive Conservatives’ jeopardized their party’s support, and contributed to the election’s drastic
The power struggle has always been a fight within Canada, due to the vast size of the country. Over the years the government has done a good job of satisfying/subsiding certain regions concerns, and/or issues. Obviously the government cannot please everyone, thus resulting in the constant debate of Centralist VS. Decentralist. Centralists believe that a majority of the power, strength, and control should remain in Ontario, and Quebec; where as, Decentralists believe that the power should strengthen all the provinces, and ripple down to the other periphery regions. The National Policy implemented in 1879 by the Conservative Federal Government was brought in to help the Canadian economy; however, there were a couple of downsides for many Canadians.
The Great Depression of the 1930s was a significant era in Canadian history, defining, among other things, the relationship between Canadians and their government for generations to come. Regardless of the ultimate outcome, however, the issue was a problematic one for the country at the time. Specifically, during the prolonged downturn, the failure of traditional policies and politics to mitigate the economic hardships created by the Great Depression led to the emergence of a widening chasm between the general Canadian public and the political establishment -- a divide which would itself lead to wide-ranging debate on solutions to the crisis. The foremost political leaders of the time, particularly Prime Ministers R.B. Bennett and William Lyon
Canada’s head of the state may be the Queen, and the governor general as the Queen’s representative; however, it is actually the Prime Minister that governs Canada. The Prime Minister is known as the nation’s head of government, his office is said to be one of the most powerful leadership positions in any Western Democracy, meaning a great deal of Canadian political life centres around his deeds and decisions. With multiple articles and historic achievements, Joseph Jacques-Jean Chretien’s time as Prime Minister, will in fact be remembered as a success in office as he left an outstanding memorable mark on Canada’s economy. Jean Chretien made a difference in the Canadian economy during three major political events: The Maple Miracle, The 1969
Canada has been an independent nation for over 150 years, so it makes sense that there has been numerous changes in the government, since the government has to reflect its society, and as time changes so does its government. However, some ideologies do not believe it should change in order
Terry Fox and Maurice Richard Canada’s history is rich with leaders willing to bring change. Terry Fox and Maurice Richard are two different notable Canadians who both had similar historical significance and leadership abilities. This essay will be addressing their historical significance through the quantity of lives they affected across the country and the durability of the impacts still evident today, and their leadership ability of displaying determination by showing resilience in the face of adversity.