Psychoactive Drugs : The Single Convention On Narcotic Drugs

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In 1961 the UN adopted the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, where it was noted that the problem requires urgent and priority, and in 1984 in the "Declaration on the fight against drug trafficking and drug abuse" the entire conglomerate of problems, ranging from illicit manufacturing and trafficking to abuse, called "shameful and disgusting crime". And it can be called a kind of "ostrich policy” (The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961). There are four key groups of psychoactive drugs: stimulants, depressants, opioids and hallucinogens. This classification is conditional because most psychoactive drugs have several effects on the psychological and physical activity of the body, depending on the dose and duration of use.] The use…show more content…
Marijuana is used to heighten perception, affect mood, and relax. Many people think marijuana is harmless, but it is not. Signs of marijuana use include red eyes, lethargy, and uncoordinated body movements. The long-term effects may include decrease in motivation and harmful effects on the brain, heart, lungs, and reproductive system. People who smoke marijuana are also at increased risk of developing cancer of the head and neck. A pharmaceutical product, Marinol, that contains synthetic THC, is available as a prescription medication. It comes in the form of a pill (eliminating the harmful and cancer-causing chemicals present when marijuana is smoked) and is used to relieve the nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy for cancer patients and to treat loss of appetite in AIDS patients. (Definition of Marijuana & Definition of Alcohol 2012) The aim of this essay is to compare and contrast two different psychoactive drugs, Alcohol and Marihuana, grounded on physical and psychological addiction they cause. Alcohol can be stimulant in small doses and depressant in large doses, whilst marihuana belongs to the hallucinogen group and, therefore, can be depressant depending on our mood Alcohol dependence is a leader in the structure of a substance abuse. The NHS estimates that just under one in 10 (8.7%) men in the UK and one in 20 (3.3%) UK women show signs of alcohol dependence (sometimes known as “alcoholism”), (The NHS
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