Psychoanalytic Criticism In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1047 Words5 Pages
Throughout history, the release of literary pieces have contributed drastic changes to humans and storytelling. While dissecting a literary piece, finding a familiar face, line, or plot isn't uncommon. As people are easily influenced, so are the creation of stories. The novel Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley as a whole, observed carefully, presents an intriguing analysis, rooting from stories such as Genesis and Prometheus; revolving around themes of love, knowledge, and. Additionally, when the text is taken into consideration concerning Psychoanalytic criticism, Frankenstein’s creation reveals a deeper source of purpose on his actions, even tracing back to the days his existence began.
To begin, certain aspects of Psychoanalytic criticism presents itself throughout the entire story, allowing the reader to analyze the causation of the actions Frankenstein’s creation executes. The monster's actions are caused by the lack of experience of the imaginary order, a process those with parents experience and eventually slip out of as time passes. “Lacanian theory holds that we all suffer from "lack" because nothing can ever satisfy the desire one holds to return to what he terms "the imaginary order" represented by the mother” (Brackett). In Frankenstein's situation he is denied this order due to the lack of companionship and love. His first moments of life distanced immensely from perfection as the creation states, “ I was poor, helpless, miserable wretch; I knew, and could distinguish, nothing; but feeling pain invade me on all sides, I sat down and wept” (Shelley 91). The first moments of the creatures life encompassed fear, abandonment, and a deficiency of a sense of togetherness. When the creation exists in absence of this experience, “s[he] is doubly cursed with the inability to return to an order s[he] never experienced”, leading him to recognize how utterly abandoned and alone he was (Brackett). Frankenstein emphasizes this isolation to Victor when he states, “Satan had his companions, fellow devils, to admire and encourage him; but I am solitary and abhorred” (Shelley 118). This imaginary order which remains as an unexposed factor in Frankenstein’s creations’ life begets the creature to metamorphose from

More about Psychoanalytic Criticism In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

Get Access