Psychoanalytic Criticism Of Freud 's Theory Of Human Personality Essay

1039 WordsDec 6, 20165 Pages
Psychoanalytic criticism is built upon Sigmund Freud’s psychological theories of the unconscious, the desires, and the defenses. The father of psychoanalysis began his work in the 1880’s, treating the chaos of hysteria first, listening to his patients talk through their problems. From his studies, he came to conclusion that a person’s behavior is affected by their unconscious, "...the notion that human beings are motivated, even driven, by desires, fears, needs, and conflicts of which they are unaware..." (Purdue University). Freud conserved that our desires and our unconscious conflicts induce our three areas of the mind that grapple with our dominance as we grow from infancy, to childhood, to adulthood. The id being known as "...the house of the drives", the ego, "...one of the major defenses against the power of the drives..." (Purdue University), and the superego, being the point of the unconscious that houses judgment. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of human personality asserts that human behavior is the outcome of interactions made among the three component parts of the mind: the id, ego, and superego. That being said, this “structural” theory of personality emphasizes great importance on how conflicts among the parts of the mind shape behavior and personality, mainly being unconscious. An example of psychoanalysis is going to the psychiatrist office for constantly getting into arguments with your husband. Through discussion the therapist analyzes the
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